Sola Deo Gloria: Glory to God Alone

The heavens are declaring God’s glory (Psalm 19:1). The whole earth is filled with God’s glory (Isaiah 6:3). The animals bring glory to God (Isaiah 43:20). The aim of every sermon is to give light to the knowledge of God’s glory (II Corinthians 4:5-6). If I seek to please man with my preaching, I am robbing God of His glory and fearing man over God.

Psalm 115 is a prayer about the foolishness of glorifying man-made idols, and it begins with this statement – “Not to us, O Lord, not to us, but to your name give glory, for the sake of your steadfast love and your faithfulness!” From the beginning, the psalmist makes sure God understands why he has come to Him – to give Him glory

The spotlight should always be upon God and never upon us. We are never to attempt to rob God of His glory. We ought to loathe the idea of anyone getting glory before God. God will not and should share His glory with another.

Isaiah writes, “I am the Lord, that is My name; My glory I give to no other, nor My praise to carved idols” (Isaiah 42:8).

And later in Isaiah 48:11, we read, “For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it, for how should my name be profaned?  My glory I will not give to another.”

God is a God of glory (I Sam 15:29; Ps 24:8). When you think of God, think of glory. When you speak of God, speak of glory. When you draw near to God, draw near to One who is glorious. When you look in the world, you see God’s glory.

God expects and commands all glory be given to Him in everything we eat and beverage we drink (I Corinthians 10:31).

God’s glory is the summarizing answer to all of life’s questions (e.g., “why” questions), and it is also the starting point before all questions are asked (e.g., Why create? Why design?). All – everything – is not for my good but for His glory.

God’s glory always matters. Each of us were made in His image and created to glory Him. Paul reminds us, “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body” (I Corinthians 6:19-20).

And then, “So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God” (I Cor 10:31). “And whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him” (Col 3:17).

In Romans 11:36 – “For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.”

In other words, we are not the center of our own universe; God is.




Does Anything “Get By” God?

The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good” (Proverbs 15:3).

Do you remember when Jeremiah asked the question about who can know the heart because it is deceitful? This question communicates that no man can understand it, but Jeremiah would go on to say it is God who searches and knows it (Jeremiah 17:9-10). Nothing gets by God.

God in omniscient – He knows all and sees all. As Charles Spurgeon wrote,

“God knows all things naturally and as a matter of course, and not by any effort on his part. Searching ordinarily implies a message of ignorance which is removed by observation; of course this is not the case with the Lord; but the meaning of the Psalmist is, that the Lord knows us thoroughly as if he had examined us minutely, and had pried into the most secret corners of our being.” (The Treasury of David, pg. 258)

There is nothing outside of God’s knowledge. A.W. Pink wrote in his book Gleanings in the Godhead,

“God knows everything; everything possible, everything actual; all events, all creatures, of the past, the present, and the future. He is perfectly acquainted with every detail in the life of every being in heaven, in earth, and in hell. … Nothing escapes his notice, nothing can be hidden from him, nothing is forgotten by him. … He never errs, never changes, never overlooks anything.” (pg. 19)

God never discovers anything. He is never surprised or never amazed. He never wonders about anything nor does He seek information or ask questions. He has never learned and will never have to learn. He knows all things past, present and future, all things actual and possible.

In the western Pacific Ocean sits the Mariana Trench, which is the deepest part of the oceans on the planet. It is deepest at 6.8 miles down (or almost 36,000 feet) in a place called Challenger Deep. It is a place where no sunlight can penetrate (Psalm 139:1-3).

Image result for mariana trench

Every word we even consider using God knows. Every word in our vocabulary He knows. Even before our brains began working and coming up with something to say, God knew everything we would consider uttering. Every feeling or idea or resolve or goal or doubt or perplexity is known by Him.

God knows us better than ourselves.

You think He is aware of good and evil in the world? You think He will let evil get away with evil (Exodus 34:7b)? You think He won’t reward those who honor and glorify Him (Revelation 22:12).

An Illustration About God’s Sovereignty and Man’s Responsibility

The question of God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility (aka “free will” or “meaningful choice”) is a question every generation of the church has pondered and inquired about.

It is a biblical tension that we see in Scripture (e.g., Matthew 11:28 – will; I Timothy 6:15 – God’s sovereignty). And because Scripture never contradicts itself (I Corinthians 14:33; Hebrews 6:18), the truth of God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility are in no need to be reconciled. You never need to reconcile friends.

It is better to ask the question, “How do these two biblical truths work together” (or “hand in hand” as Randy Alcorn writes) and not a “God’s sovereignty vs. man’s responsibility” question. These two truths are not competitors; they are on the same team.

But we are still left with a need to better understand this tension. Let me give you an example I have found helpful in my own understanding of the question.

I have 3 boys in my home. Our oldest is in 7th grade and our youngest is in 3rd grade. Annie and I are “in the thick and thin” of raising children. It is parenting 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In our home, we have rules, guidelines, expectations, boundaries, laws, etc. We expect our children to obey what we ask of them, because their obedience is a direct reflection of how they think of God (Ephesians 6:1).

And even though they are handsome young men and a joy to be around, these boys are sinners. They don’t always follow our rules; they will choose to disobey at times. They periodically grumble about our expectations of them in our home.

On the other hand, there is no mistake about who oversees the home. Annie and I are the parents. We are the leaders of our home. You might even use the word “sovereign.” The word “sovereignty” implies rule over a domain. Our “kingdom” is the home and Annie and I are sovereign over it.

Image result for hand in hand alcornYet, our sovereignty in our home does not mean that our children do not have the choice or the will to do what they want. In other words, just because they choose to disobey doesn’t mean we aren’t in charge of our own home.

Part of our headship includes giving them the choice to obey or disobey.

Thus, in the home there is “free will” and sovereignty. They work together. Our boys do not question who is sovereign in the home; and Annie and I do not question whether they have “free will” or not. We are sovereign; our kids have a choice.

God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility is a true partnership.

For further reading on this biblical tension, I would highly commend to you Randy Alcorn’s book on this very subject. There I no book I would recommend before it – Hand in Hand: The Beauty of God’s Sovereignty and Man’s Meaningful Choice.

J.I. Packer, On God Loving Us

Image result for ji packer“There is, certainly, great cause for humility in the thought that he sees all the twisted things about me that my fellow humans do not see (and I am glad!), and that he sees more corruption in me than that which I see in myself (which, in all conscience, is enough). There is, however, equally great incentive to worship and love God in the thought that, for some unfathomable reason, he wants me as his friend, and desires to be my friend, and has given his Son to die for me in order to realize this purpose.” (J.I. Packer, Knowing God)

Above All

God is above all nations and His glory is above all the heavens (Psalm 113:4). How is God above? In the following ways:

  • He is physically above all. You cannot travel to a location that is physically beyond God. There is nowhere His glory is not present. No church or Temple or universe can even contain Him (II Chronicles 6:18).
  • He is universally above all. There is nothing in the universe that shares authority with Him, because He created all and everything belongs to Him.
  • He is theologically above all. He is Lord. He is supreme. His Word is the only and final Word. There is nothing that trumps His will.
  • He is incomparably above all. Because He is transcendent, there is nothing that we can liken to Him. He is so above all things that there is nothing even on the same plane as Him.
  • He is nationally above all. He rules every nation and people group and tribe and tongue. Countries may have Presidents or Prime Ministers or Dictators, but they are all #2 in charge under God Himself.

And we could go on and on with a list of how He is above all, couldn’t we? The point is that no one or no thing is higher or will ever get higher than Him. What a clearly obvious reason to praise God!

There are too many alive today who view God – at best – as AN authority in their life and not THE supreme. Too many people think their time is equal to God’s time; too many people think their agenda is equal to God’s agenda. Too many people think their goals or priorities are equal to God’s goals or priorities. The only agenda I should have is God’s agenda.

Who Is Like God?


In Psalm 40:12-28, we read,

“Who has measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, measured heaven with a span and calculated the dust of the earth in a measure? Weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance? Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or as His counselor has taught Him? With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed Him, and taught Him in the path of justice? Who taught Him knowledge, and showed Him the way of understanding? Behold, the nations are as a drop in a bucket, and are counted as the small dust on the scales; look, He lifts up the isles as a very little thing. And Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, nor its beasts sufficient for a burnt offering.

“All nations before Him are as nothing, and they are counted by Him less than nothing and worthless. To whom then will you liken God? Or what likeness will you compare to Him? The workman molds an image, the goldsmith overspreads it with gold, and the silversmith casts silver chains. Whoever is too impoverished for such a contribution chooses a tree that will not rot; He seeks for himself a skillful workman to prepare a carved image that will not totter. Have you not known? Have you not heard? Has it not been told you from the beginning? Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth?

It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in. He brings the princes to nothing; He makes the judges of the earth useless. Scarcely shall they be planted, scarcely shall they be sown, scarcely shall their stock take root in the earth, when He will also blow on them, and they will wither, and the whirlwind will take them away like stubble. ‘To whom then will you liken Me, or to whom shall I be equal?’ says the Holy One. Lift up your eyes on high, and see who has created these things, who brings out their host by number; He calls them all by name, by the greatness of His might and the strength of His power; not one is missing. 

Why do you say, O Jacob, and speak, O Israel: ‘My way is hidden from the LORD, and my just claim is passed over by my God’? Have you not known? Have you not heard? The everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, neither faints nor is weary. His understanding is unsearchable.

The question: who is like God? The answer: no one! God is transcendent.

In his classic work Knowing God, J.I. Packer writes about the incomparable nature of God,

Image result for knowing god“Look at the tasks I have done, he says. Could you do them? Could any man do them? ‘Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, or with the breadth of his hand marked off the heavens? Who has held the dust of the earth in a basked, or weighed the mountain on the scales and the hills in a balance’ (vs. 12). Are you wise enough, and mighty enough, to do things like that? But I am, or I could not have made this world at all. Behold your God!

“Look now at the nations, the prophet continues: the great national powers, at whose mercy you feel yourselves to be. Assyria, Egypt, Babylon – you stand in awe of them, and feel afraid of them, so vastly do their armies and resources exceed yours. But now consider how God stands related to those mighty forces which you rear so much. ‘Surely the nations are like a drop in a bucket; they are regarded as dust on the scales; … Before him all the nations are as nothing: they are regarding by him as worthless and less than nothing’ (Isa 40:15, 17). You tremble before the nations, because you are much weaker than they; but God is so much greater that the nations that they are nothing to him. Behold your God!

“Look next at the world. Consider the size of it, the variety and complexity of it; think of the nearly five thousand millions who populate it, and of the vast sky above it. What puny figures you and I are, by comparison with the whole planet on which we live! Yet what is the entire mighty planet by comparison with God? ‘He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth, and its people are like grasshoppers. He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a net to live in’ (Isa 40:22). The world dwarfs us all, but God dwarfs the world. The world is his footstool, above which he sits secure. He is greater that the world and all that is in it, so that all the feverish activity of its bustling millions does no more to affect him that the chirping and jumping of grasshoppers in the summer sun does to affect us. Behold your God!

“Look, fourthly, at the world’s great ones – the governors whose laws and policies determine the welfare of millions; the would-be world rulers, the dictators and empire builders, who have it in their power to plunge the globe into war, think of Sennacherib and Nebuchadnezzar; think of Alexander, Napoleon, Hitler. Think, today, of Clinton and Saddam Hussein. Do you suppose that it is really these top men who determine which way the world shall go? Think again, for God is greater that the world’s great men. ‘He brings princes to naught and reduces the rulers of this world to nothing’ (Isa 40:23). He is, as the prayer book says, ‘the only ruler of princes.’ Behold your God.

“But we have not finished yet. Look, lastly at the stars. The most universally awesome experience that mankind knows is to stand alone on a clear night and look at the stars. Nothing gives a greater sense of remoteness and distance; nothing makes on feel more strongly one’s own littleness and insignificance. And we who live in the space age can supplement this universal experience with our scientific knowledge of the actual factors involved—millions of the stars in number, billions of light years in distance. Our minds reel our imagination cannot grasp it; when we try to conceive of unfathomable depths of outer space, we are left mentally numb and dizzy.

“But what is this to God? ‘Lift you eyes and look to the heavens: Who created all these? He who brings out the starry host one by one, and calls them each by name. Because of his great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing’ (Isa 40:26). It is God who brings out the stars; it was God who first set them in space; his is their Maker and Master—the are all in his hands and subject to his will. Such are his power and his majesty. Behold your God!” (Knowing God, pgs. 86-88)

Ways to Respond to God’s Holiness

Image result for god's holinessYou might be interested to know that the holiness of God is referred to more often than any other attribute. Thomas Watson once said, “Holiness is the most sparkling jewel of his crown; it is the name by which God is known.

When you see angels worshipping in heaven, they are not crying, “Mighty, mighty, mighty” or “Omniscient, omniscient, omniscient” or “Loving, loving, loving.” They are saying, “Holy, holy, holy.

What does holiness mean? The word “holiness” comes from the Hebrew word qadas meaning “to separate” or “to cut” (the Greek equivalent of hagios). The idea is that God is separated or cut off from sin and evil; He is a cut above all unrighteousness and a cut above everything He created. Charles Hodge gives this definition in his Systematic Theology:

“Holiness, on the one hand, implies entire freedom from moral evil and, on the other, absolute moral perfection. Freedom from purity is the primary idea of the word. To sanctify is to cleanse; to be holy is to be clean. Infinite purity, even more than infinite knowledge or infinite power, is the object of reverence.” (Systematic Theology, pgs. 150-151)

It means simply that God is without sin and is separated from all evil. He doesn’t see the holy standard and then meet it; He is the standard. God doesn’t need to change, because he is already perfectly holy. He does not do any wrongdoing. God’s holiness means that He is separated from sin and devoted to being the standard of all holiness for all.

This was what Moses was confronted with at the burning bush. When he approached this theophany, the Lord warned him

Do not draw near this place. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground” (Exod 3:5).

He told Moses, “You are coming to a place void of sin and you are a sinner. Be warned!”

Isaiah had a similar confrontation when he had a vision of God in Isaiah 6. He had a vision of God sitting on his throne surrounded by cherubim, angels and other sentient beings. He saw them saying “Holy, holy, holy” and telling him the entire earth was filled with His glory (Isa 6:3). The foundation shook, smoke filled the room and Isaiah proclaimed,

Woe is me, for I am undone! Because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts” (Isa 6:4).

He was utterly humbled with being in the presence of the holy standard as an unholy man. Men like Moses and Isaiah demonstrate how we are to react to God’s holiness.

When confronted with God’s holiness, some people grow in bitterness; others resent His holiness; some just get enraged; some just trivialize God’s attributes all together. But, the godly reaction to God’s holiness should be thanksgiving and trembling.