Jesus As the Master Teacher

Image result for biblical doctrine macarthurThe following is adapted from Biblical Doctrine: A Systematic Summary of Bible Truth (pgs. 279-281):

“Jesus was the Master Teacher. As you study the teaching and preaching ministry of Jesus Christ, you discover the following:

Jesus was not a paid ‘professional’ teacher” (Matt 23:8).

Jesus chose his pupils (John 13:18).

Jesus was not restricted to a specific location or single setting: the temple (Matt 21:12-13), the synagogue (Mark 1:21), on a mountain (Matt 5:1), in fisherman’s boats (Luke 5:1-11), at a wedding (John 2:1-11), at a funeral (Luke 7:11-17), at a well (John 4:1-26), and in many other settings.

Jesus possessed a unique authority (Matt 7:29).

Jesus’ curriculum was his own, though directed by the Father (John 8:28).

Jesus understood His students:

  1. He knew their capacities fully and accurately (John 3:10; 16:12).
  2. He used repetition effectively, teaching multiple kingdom parables that repeat the same lessons (Matt 13; John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7).
  3. He encouraged earnest students, instructing some privately concerning parables (Matt 13:36-42) and giving special attention to Peter, John, and James at his transfiguration (Luke 9:28-36) and in the garden of Gethsemane (Matt 26:37-38).
  4. He ensured a right attitude toward himself (John 4:1-26).
  5. He established and maintained right relationships between his pupils (John 15:12-13).

Jesus’s personal qualities and abilities maintained class control:

  1. He had an extraordinary ability to maintain the pupils’ interest and attention (Mark 12:37; Luke 2:46-47).
  2. He possessed great patience, self-control, and self-discipline (Matt 26:63; 27:11-14; Luke 23:9).
  3. He maintained a dignified attitude (Matt 3:13-15).
  4. He had a supernatural ability to lead (John 11:14-16).
  5. He corrected wrong thinking (John 4:31-38).
  6. He used an effective look at Peter when that disciple uttered his third denial of association with Christ (Luke 22:61).
  7. He could level a stern rebuke when necessary (Matt 15:23).
  8. He warned of consequences (Matt 5:20).
  9. He exemplified bold living based on biblical conviction (Matt 21:12-13; John 13:27-30).

Jesus used a variety of literary and communicative devices in his teaching:

  1. He used different types of linguistic devices and styles for effective communication, including symbolism (Matt 5:13), synonymous parallelism (Matt 12:30), antithetic parallelism (Matt 10:39), metaphor (Matt 15:26), hyperbole (Matt 5:29-30), parable (Matt 13), and proverb (Luke 4:23).
  2. He employed visual aids (Luke 21:29-30).
  3. He utilized novelty (Matt 17:24-27).
  4. He turned his pupils’ surroundings into visual aids (John 4:35).
  5. He used miracles as visual aids (Matt 21:18-22).
  6. Jesus himself served as a visual aid (Matt 11:28-30).

Jesus employed questions as a teaching method (Matt 16:15; 18:21; Luke 5:23; John 20:15).”

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